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Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

What they do:
CVTs conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.

Types of positions:
Invasive cardiology: 

  • Insert catheters during balloon angioplasty or electrophysiology tests.

  • Monitor patients’ blood pressure and heart rate during procedures.

 Noninvasive cardiology:

  • Record/photograph ultrasound images for interpretation and diagnosis by a physician

  • Create echocardiograms.

Vascular technologists:

  • Evaluate and assess blood flow in arteries and veins.

  • Record vascular information.

Cardiographic technicians:

  • Perform electrocardiograms (EKGs) and provide results to physician for interpretation

  • Perform Holter monitoring and stress testing.


  • Many cardiovascular technologists and vascular technologists obtain an associate’s degree after completing a 2 –year junior or community college program.

  • Most EKG technicians are trained on the job by an EKG supervisor or cardiologist in a 4- to 6-week program.

  • Credentialing is voluntary, but it is the professional standard and most employers require it.

What they make:
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median pay for CVTs was $56,100 per year and $26.97 per hour in 2015.


Where they work:
Hospitals, physicians offices, medical or diagnostic laboratories.


The demand for cardiovascular technologists and technicians is expected to grow by 22% between 2014 and 2024, creating 11,500 new jobs. This is a much faster than the average for all occupations.

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Updated January 2017