Child Trends has reported that in 2015, fewer than 6 in 10 high school students who were sexually active reported using condoms at their most recent sexual intercourse. Condom use among this group increased from 46% in 1991, to 63% in 2003, but has since declined, reaching 57% in 2015. The concern with this finding is that a decrease in condom use among sexually active teens increases the chances of sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission and of unintended pregnancies.
Some significant stats:
In 2011, there were more than 552,000 pregnancies to teenage girls ages 15-19 in the U.S., three-quarters of which were unintended.
Close to 500,000 adolescents were diagnosed with chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis in 2014.
While condoms, even if used correctly, cannot provide 100% protection against the transmission of STIs and unwanted pregnancies, the use of condoms can significantly reduce the chance of either of these things from occurring.
Factors associated with a lower likelihood of condom use among teens:
Large age difference between partners
Having experience sexual abuse
Factors associated with increased condom use among teens:
Higher parental education
More parental communication about contraception
Having attended a sexual education course that discusses contraception
Believing that condoms are effective in preventing pregnancy and STIs
Breakdown of condom use in teens by gender, race and grade:
In 2015, 62% of sexually active male high school students reported that they or their partner used a condom at their most recent sexual intercourse, compared with 52% of females
Black males were 27 percentage points more likely to report condom use at last sexual intercourse than black females.
Hispanic males were 14 percentage points more likely to report condom use at last sexual intercourse than Hispanic females.
White males were 2 percentage points more likely to report condom use at last sexual intercourse than white females.
Black male students were more likely than white male students to report condom use in 2015 (74% and 58%, respectively)
In 2015, a slightly smaller percentage of 11th and 12th grade students used condoms than 9th and 10th grade students.
State and local estimates:
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) shows 2015 estimates of condom use among high school students in select states and cities.
With its Healthy People 2020 initiative, the federal government has set a national goal of increasing the proportion of sexually active adolescents, ages 15 to 19 years, who use contraception that both effectively prevents pregnancy and provides barrier protection against disease. There are specific goals to increase the percentage of males and females who used a condom at first and most recent intercourse. There are additional goals to increase the percentage of adolescents who have received formal instruction and/or talked to a parent or guardian about birth control methods, HIV/AIDS prevention, and sexually transmitted infections.
15-24 year olds account for half of all new STD infections. 1
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. 2
"Transgender" is a term that includes the many ways that people's gener identities can be different from the sex they were assigned at birth. 3
Usually, puberty starts between ages 8 and 13 in girls and ages 9 and 15 in boys. 4
About 6-9% of children and adolescents have ADHD. 5
Tobacco smoking can lead to lung cancer, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 6
Anorexia has the highest death rate of any mental disorder. 7
Studies show that people who eat breakfast do better in school, tend to eat less throughout the day, and are less likely to be overweight. 8
Young drivers (ages 16-20) are 17 times more likely to die in a crash when they have a blood alcohol concentration of .08% than when they have not been drinking. 9
Dating violence can take place in person or electronically, such as repeated texting or posting sexual pictures of a partner online. 10
Dehydration- not having enough fluids in your body- can cause headache, fatigue, crankiness and poor concentration. 11
National guidelines recommend that young people spend no more than two hours each day using electronic media for recreation. 12
A panic attack is a surge of intense fear and discomfort that usually peaks within ten minutes, but can last as long as several hours. 13
Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15-24 year olds. 14
42.2% of female rape victims were first raped before age 18. 15
Pregnancy and birth are significant contributions to high school dropout rates among girls. 16
Females aged 15-19 continue to have higher rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea than any other age or sex group. 17
E-cigarettes are the most commonly used form of tobacco among youth in the United States. 18
More teens die from prescription drugs than heroin/cocaine combined. 19
Teens who consistently learn about the risks of drugs from their parents are up to 50% less likely to use drugs than those who don't. 20
20% of youth ages 13-18 live with a mental health condition. 21
Bipolar disorder is defined as a "brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks." 22
An obese child or teenager is one who weighs at least 20% more than their ideal body weight. 23
3 in 10 teen American girls will get pregnant at least once before age 20. 24
About 208,000 young people under 20 years of age have diagnosed diabetes. 25
Reversible methods of birth control include: intrauterine contraception, hormonal methods, barrier methods and fertility awareness-based methods. 26
Each day, nearly 3,000 kids under the age of 18 try their first cigarette and another 700 become regular, daily smokers. 27
Approximately 85% of people between the ages of 12 and 24 experience at least minor acne. 28
Most tobacco smokers begin smoking during adolescence. 29
90% of teens who are LGBT come out to their close friends. 30