What Are The Signs Of Schizoid Personality Disorder In Teens?

Published: July 22, 2015
Dear What Are The Signs Of Schizoid Personality Disorder In Teens?,

What are the signs and symptoms of schizoid personality disorder in teenagers? And, at what are does this symptoms appear? I would also like to know if you can stop having the disorder. Thank you.


Dear What Are The Signs Of Schizoid Personality Disorder In Teens?,

Definition:

For our readers who may not know, the Mayo Clinic defines schizoid personality disorder as the following:

Schizoid personality disorder is an uncommon condition in which people avoid social activities and consistently shy away from interaction with others. It affects more males than females. If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may be seen as a loner, and you may lack the desire or skill to form close personal relationships.

To others, you may appear somewhat dull or humorless. Because you don't tend to show emotion, you may appear as though you don't care about what's going on around you. Although you may seem aloof, you may actually feel lonely, even if it's hard for you to acknowledge. Or you may feel much more at ease being alone, and feel comfortable with your life.

The cause of schizoid personality disorder is unknown. Therapy and — in some cases — medications can help.

 

Symptoms and Age of Onset:

As for symptoms and age of onset of schizoid personality disorder, the Mayo Clinic presents the following information:

Symptoms

People with schizoid personality disorder are loners. If you have this condition, you're likely to:

  • Prefer being alone and usually choose solitary activities

  • Prize independence and have few close friendships

  • Feel confused about how to respond to normal social cues and generally have little to say

  • Feel little if any desire for sexual relationships

  • Feel unable to experience pleasure

  • Come off as dull, indifferent or emotionally cold

  • Feel unmotivated and tend to underperform at school or work

Personality disorders begin in early adulthood, at the latest. Some of these tendencies may have first become noticeable during your childhood. They also occur across a range of social and personal situations. They may either cause you to have trouble functioning well in a job, socially or in other areas of life. However, you may do reasonably well in your job if you mostly work alone.

If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may not know how to form friendships, or you may feel too anxious around other people to try, so you simply give up and turn inward.

Schizophrenic spectrum

Schizoid personality disorder is considered part of the schizophrenic spectrum of disorders, which includes schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia. These conditions all have similar symptoms, such as a severely limited ability to make social connections along with a lack of emotional expression.

However, unlike schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, people with schizoid personality disorder:

  • Are in touch with reality — they're unlikely to experience paranoia or hallucinations

  • Make sense when they speak, although the tone may not be animated — in contrast to conversational patterns of someone with schizotypal personality disorder or schizophrenia, which are typically strange and hard to follow

Classes of personality disorders

Another way of understanding personality disorders has been to group them into classes. Schizoid personality disorder, along with schizotypal and paranoid personality disorders, are grouped together as Class A personality disorders. Class A disorders refer to odd or eccentric behaviors. They differ from Class B — dramatic and emotional behaviors — and Class C — anxious and fearful behaviors.

 

Treatment

Schizoid personality disorder is not something that can be “cured,” meaning a person with schizoid personality disorder will not suddenly stop having this disorder. However a reputable mental health professional experienced in working with this disorder can provide individual and/or group therapy that can be very helpful in managing symptoms. If you have symptoms that can sometimes be associated with this disorder, such as anxiety or depression, it would also be helpful to meet with a reputable mental health professional to discuss whether psychotropic medication would be beneficial.

For more information, you can read about treatment and drugs for schizoid personality disorder through the Mayo Clinic.  

If you have any reason to believe you might have schizoid personality disorder, discuss it with your doctor and/or with a mental health professional (clinical social worker, clinical psychologist or psychiatrist) with experience in working with this particular disorder.

If you know someone who you think might have this disorder, gently encourage them to seek out help from a doctor or therapist.  

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